The Survival Rate of Biota in Integrated Multi Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA)-Paddy System

  • Hamsiah Hamsiah Sekolah Tinggi Teknologi Kelautan
  • Indra Cahyono Program Studi Sumber Daya Akuatik, Institut Teknologi dan Bisnis Maritim Balik Diwa, Makassar, 90245, Indonesia
  • Heriansah Heriansah Program Studi Sumber Daya Akuatik, Institut Teknologi dan Bisnis Maritim Balik Diwa, Makassar, 90245, Indonesia
  • Wayan Kantun Program Studi Sumber Daya Akuatik, Institut Teknologi dan Bisnis Maritim Balik Diwa, Makassar, 90245, Indonesia
  • Arnold Kabangnga Program Studi Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Perairan, Institut Teknologi dan Bisnis Maritim Balik Diwa, Makassar, 90245, Indonesia

Abstract

Survival rate is a determinant factor of success in multibiota cultivation. This study aims to determine the survival rate of biota cultivated in various combinations in the Integrated Multi Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA)-Paddy system. Three combinations (K) of biota and three replications, namely milkfish and paddy(K-2), milkfish, tiger prawns, and paddy (K-3), and milkfish, tiger prawns, and shellfish (K-4) were investigated experimentally in the field using a tarpaulin pond model. Biota was reared for 80 days with a density of 30 individuals each integrated with 30 clumps of rice by floating method. The results showed that the difference in the survival rate of milkfish at K-2 (97.8±1.91%), K-3 (94.4±1.96%), and K-4 (98.9±1.90%) was in the range of 1.1- 3.6% which was not statistically significant (P> 0.05). The survival rate of tiger prawns in K-4 (88.9±1.91%) was descriptively 2.2% higher than K-3 (86.7±1.90%). The survival rate of shellsfish on K-4 biota is 85.6±1.90%. Water quality during experimental is in the range that can be tolerated by each biota. More research is needed which in-depth to optimize the IMTA-Paddy system in brackishwater.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Anam, M. K., Basuki, F., & Widowati, L. L. (2017). Performa pertumbuhan, kelulushidupan, dan produksi biomassa ikan nila dengan debit air yang berbeda pada sistem budidaya minapadi di Dusun Kandhangan, Sleman, Yogyakarta. Jurnal Sains Akuakultur Tropis, 1(1), 52–61.

Anand, S. P. S., Balasubramanian, C. P., Lalramchhani, C., Panigrahi, A., Gopal, C., Ghoshal, T. K., & Vijayan, K. K. (2018). Comparison of mudcrab-based brackishwater polyculture systems with different finfish species combinations in Sundarban, India. Aquaculture Research, 49(9), 2965–2976. https://doi.org/10.1111/are.13755

Anh, N. N. T., Hong Ngan, L. T., Vinh, N. H., & Hai, T. N. (2018). Co-culture of red seaweed (Gracilaria tenuistipitata) and black tiger shrimp (Penaeus monodon) with different feeding rations. IJSRP, 8(9), 269–277. https://doi.org/ 10.29322/ijsrp.8.9.2018.p8138.

Astriana, B. H. (2015). Konseptual modul dinamika nitrogen dalam sistem Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA) menggunakan Penaeus monodon, Crassostrea sp. dan Gracilaria sp. BioWallacea, 1(3), 159–165.

Aubin, J., Baruthio, A., Mungkung, R., & Lazard, J. (2015). Environmental performance of brackish water polyculture system from a life cycle perspective: A Filipino case study. Aquaculture, 435, 217–227. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2014.09.019.

Azizah, I., Rejeki, S., & Ariyati, R. W. (2018). Performa pertumbuhan udang yang dibudidayakan bersama rumput laut dengan padat tebar yang berbeda menerapan sistem Integrated Multi Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA). Jurnal Sains Akuakultur Tropis, 2(2), 1–11.

Bacilio-Jiménez, M., Aguilar-Flores, S., Ventura-Zapata, E., Pérez-Campos, E., Bouquelet, S., & Zenteno, E. (2003). Chemical characterization of root exudates from rice (Oryza sativa) and their effects on the chemotactic response of endophytic bacteria. Plant and Soil, 249(2), 271–277. https://doi.org/10.1023/ A:1022888900465.

Balasubramanian, C. P., Mhaskar, S. S., Sukumaran, K., Panigrahi, A., Vasagam, K., Kumararaja, P., Thigale, D., Sawant, R., Vijayan, K. K., & Vasudevan, N. (2018). Development of Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA) for tropical brackishwater species in Sindhudurg district, Maharashtra, west coast of India. Indian Journal of Fisheries, 65(1), 59–64. https://doi.org/10.21077/ijf.2018.65.1.70128-10.

Bi, R., Zhou, C., Jia, Y., Wang, S., Li, P., Reichwaldt, E. S., & Liu, W. (2019). Giving waterbodies the treatment they need: A critical review of the application of constructed floating wetlands. Journal of Environmental Management, 238(October 2018), 484–498. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.jenvman.2019.02.064.

Biswas, G., Ananda Raja, R., De, D., Sundaray, J. K., Ghoshal, T. K., Anand, S., Kumar, S., Panigrahi, A., Thirunavukkarasu, A. R., & Ponniah, A. G. (2012). Evaluation of productions and economic returns from two brackishwater polyculture systems in tide-fed ponds. Journal of Applied Ichthyology, 28(1), 116–122. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1439-0426.2011.01909.x.

Biswas, Gouranga, Kumar, P., Kailasam, M., Ghoshal, T. K., Bera, A., & Vijayan, K. K. (2019). Application of Integrated Multi Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA) Concept in Brackishwater Ecosystem: The First Exploratory Trial in the Sundarban, India. Journal of Coastal Research, 86(sp1), 49–55. https://doi.org/10.2112/SI86-007.1

Budihastuti, R., Anggoro, S., & Saputra, S. W. (2012). The Application of Silvofishery on Tilapia and milkfish fattening within mangrove ecosystem of the Nrothern coastal area of Semarang City. J. of Coastal Development, 16(1), 1410–5217.

Feng, J., Li, F., Zhou, X., Xu, C., & Fang, F. (2016). Nutrient removal ability and economical benefit of a rice-fish co-culture system in aquaculture pond. Ecological Engineering, 94(359), 315–319. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2016.06.002.

Foster-Martinez, M. R., & Variano, E. A. (2016). Air-water gas exchange by waving vegetation stems. J. of Geo. Research: Biogeosciences, 121(7), 1916–1923. https://doi.org/ 10.1002/2016JG003366.

Hastuti, Y. P., Nirmala, K., & Setioaji, T. (2012). Kemampuan penyerapan nitrogen dan fosfor dalam lingkungan budidaya oleh kijing Taiwan. Jurnal Akuakultur Indonesia, 11(1), 86–95.

Irianto, H., Mujiyo, Riptanti, E. W., & Qonita, A. (2018). The land use potential of flood-prone rice fields using floating rice system in Bojonegoro regency in East Java. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 142(1). https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/142/1/012072.

Izzati, M. (2011). The role of seawees Sargassum polycystum and Gracilaria verrucosa on growth performance and bimass production of tiger shrimp. Journal of Coastal Development, 14(3), 235–241.

Jamil, A., Mejaya, M., Praptana, R., Subekti, N., Aqil, M., Musaddad, A., & Putri, F. (2016). Deskripsi Varietas Unggul Tanaman Pangan 2010-2016. In http://pangan. litbang.pertanian.go.id (p. 142).

Kibria, A. S. M., & Haque, M. M. (2018). Potentials of Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA) in freshwater ponds in Bangladesh. Aquaculture Reports, 11(April), 8–16. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aqrep. 2018.05.004.

Li, F., Feng, J., Zhou, X., Xu, C., Haissam Jijakli, M., Zhang, W., & Fang, F. (2019). Impact of rice-fish/shrimp co-culture on the N2O emission and NH3 volatilization in intensive aquaculture ponds. Science of the Total Environment, 655, 284–291. https://doi.org/ 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2018.10.440.

Li, W., & Li, Z. (2009). In situ nutrient removal from aquaculture wastewater by aquatic vegetable Ipomoea aquatica on floating beds. Water Science and Technology, 59(10), 1937–1943. https://doi.org/ 10.2166/wst.2009.191.

Li, X. N., Song, H. L., Li, W., Lu, X. W., & Nishimura, O. (2010). An integrated ecological floating-bed employing plant, freshwater clam and biofilm carrier for purification of eutrophic water. Ecological Engineering, 36(4), 382–390. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecoleng.2009.11.004.

Mondal, A., Bhattacharya, S., Mitra, A., Sundaray, J. K., & Mohanty, R. K. (2020). Performance evaluation of mud crab co-culture with different fish species in confined brackishwater ponds. Aquaculture, 522(January), 735125. https:// doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture. 2020.735125.

Murachman, Hanani, N., Soemarno, & Muhammad, S. (2010). Model polikultur udang windu, ikan bandeng dan rumput laut secara tradisional. Jurnal Pembangunan dan Alam Lestari, 1(1), 1–10.

Pantjara, B., & Hendradjat, E. A. (2011). Produksi bandeng melalui aplikasi pupuk organik. J. Riset Akuakultur, 6(2), 253. https://doi.org/10.15578/ jra.6.2.2011.253-262.

Pantjara, B., Syafaat, M. N., & Kristanto, A. H. (2015). Effect of dynamical water quality on shrimp culture in the IMTA. Indonesian Aquaculture Journal, 10(1), 81. https://doi.org/ 10.15578/iaj.10.1.2015.81-90.

Radiarta, I. N., & Erlania, E. (2015). Indeks kualitas air dan sebaran nutrien sekitar budidaya laut terintegrasi di perairan Teluk Ekas, Nusa Tenggara Barat: Aspek penting budidaya rumput laut. Jurnal Riset Akuakultur, 10(1), 141. https://doi.org/10.15578/jra.10.1.2015.141-152

Rehman, F., Pervez, A., Khattak, B. N., & Ahmad, R. (2017). Constructed Wetlands: Perspectives of the oxygen released in the rhizosphere of macrophytes. Clean - Soil, Air, Water, 45(1). https://doi.org/ 10.1002/clen.201600054

Rejeki, S., Ariyati, R. W., & Widowati, L. L. (2016). Application of integrated multi tropic aquaculture concept in an abraded brackish water pond. Jurnal Teknologi, 78(4–2), 227–232. https://doi.org/ 10.11113/jt.v78.8213

Rozen, N., Anwar, A., & Kristina, N. (2019). The effect of fish type and variety on growth and results through the application of Minapadi-SRI. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 327(1). https://doi.org/ 10.1088/1755-1315/327/1/012023

Sahrijanna, A., & Septiningsih, E. (2017). Variasi waktu kualitas air pada tambak budidaya udang dengan teknologi IMTA di Mamuju Sulawesi Barat. Jurnal Ilmu Alam dan Lingkungan, 8(2), 52–57. https://doi.org/10.20956/ jal.v8i16.2991

Setijaningsih, L., & Gunadi, B. (2016). Eektivitas substrat dan tumbuhan air untuk penyerapan hara nitrogen dan total fosfat pada budidaya ikan berbasis sistem IMTA. Prosiding Forum Inovasi Teknologi Akuakultur 2016, 169–176.

Srisunont, C., & Babel, S. (2016). Estimating the carrying capacity of green mussel cultivation by using net nutrient removal model. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 112(1–2), 235–243. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.marpolbul.2016.08.012

Srivastava, A., Chun, S. J., Ko, S. R., Kim, J., Ahn, C. Y., & Oh, H. M. (2017). Floating rice-culture system for nutrient remediation and feed production in a eutrophic lake. J. of Environmental Management, 203, 342–348. https://doi.org/10.1016/ j.jenvman.2017.08.006

Tahir, A. T., & Pasaribu, A. M. (2003). Kajian adaptasi udang galah dan ikan masdengan sistem mina padi jajar legowo di lahan sawah irigasi. Jurnal Pengkajian dan Pengembangan Teknologi Pertanian, 6(2), 167–175.

Uddin, N., Kibria, A. S., & Haque, M. M. (2018). Assessment of primary productivity of integrated multi-trophic aquaculture ponds. International Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Studies, 6(3), 306–314.

Verdian, A. H., Effendi, I., Budidardi, T., & Diatin, I. (2020). Production performance improvement of white shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei) culture with integrated multi trophic aquaculture system in Seribu Islands, Jakarta, Indonesia. Iranian Journal of Fisheries Sciences, 19(3), 1415–1427. https:// doi.org/10.22092/ijfs.2019.120676

Wahab, M. A., Kadir, A., Milstein, A., & Kunda, M. (2011). Manipulation of species combination for enhancing fish production in polyculture systems involving major carps and small indigenous fish species. Aquaculture, 321(3–4), 289–297. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2011.09.020

Zhang, J., Zhang, S., Kitazawa, D., Zhou, J., Park, S., Gao, S., & Shen, Y. (2019). Bio-mitigation based on Integrated Multi-Trophic Aquaculture in temperate coastal waters: Practice, assessment, and challenges. In Latin American Journal of Aquatic Research (Vol. 47, Issue 2). https://doi.org/ 10.3856/vol47-issue2-fulltext-1
How to Cite
HAMSIAH, Hamsiah et al. The Survival Rate of Biota in Integrated Multi Trophic Aquaculture (IMTA)-Paddy System. JURNAL SUMBERDAYA AKUATIK INDOPASIFIK, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 2, p. 127-136, may 2021. ISSN 2550-0929. Available at: <https://ejournalfpikunipa.ac.id/index.php/JSAI/article/view/119>. Date accessed: 31 july 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.46252/jsai-fpik-unipa.2021.Vol.5.No.2.119.
Statistik Abstract view : 85 times
Statistik PDF Views : 65 times
Keywords:
IMPTA-Paddy, survival rate, milk fish, shrimp tiger, shellfish
Published
2021-05-02
Section
Research Articles