Size Distribution and Growth Pattern of Mud Crab, Scylla serrata (Forskal, 1775) Captured with Bubu and Gill Nets in the Waters of the Babo District, Bintuni Bay West Papua

Authors

  • Kantun Dananjaya Sumber Daya Akuatik Institut Teknologi dan Bisnis Maritim Balik Diwa
  • Gunawan Prayitno Sekolah Tinggi Manajemen Informatika dan Komputer (STMIK) Pesat Nabire
  • Darius Antonius Nafurbenan Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Perairan, Institut Teknologi dan Bisnis Maritim Balik Diwa

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.46252/jsai-fpik-unipa.2022.Vol.6.No.3.228

Keywords:

size distribution, growth pattern, Scylla serrata, Bintuni Bay

Abstract

Mud crab fishing has been carried out intensively using various types of technology, so this study was conducted to analyze the catch composition, size distribution and growth pattern of mud crab using bubu and gill nets. The research was carried out from March to May 2018 in the waters of the Babo district, Teluk Bintuni Regency with a survey model for the purpose of analyzing the effectiveness of bubu and gill nets. The results showed that the catch of mud crabs amounted to 377 individu consisting of 180 individu (54,41%) caught with bubu and 157 individu (46,59%) with gill nets. The size distribution of the carapace width of mud crabs caught with bubu from 65 to 197 mm (132,34 ± 3,85 mm) and gill nets ranged from 126 to 200 mm (165,54 ± 18,53 mm). The distribution of weights caught by bubu and gill nets were 286,34-989,42 g (684,42 ± 207,78 g) and 595,35-992,25 g (865,63 ± 86,06 g) respectively. The growth patterns of mud crabs caught using bubu and gill nets were both negative allometric (b < 3). The composition of the catch was dominated by bubu fishing gear with a wider size distribution and relatively the same growth pattern.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Apriliyanto, H., Pramono, W.,& Taufik, Y., 2014. Analisis daerah penangkapan rajungan dengan jaring insang dasar (bottom gillnet) di perairan Betahwalang, Demak. Journal of Fisheries Resources Utilization Management and Technology. 3 (3): 71-79

Butcher, P.A., Leland, J.C., Broadhurst, M.K., Paterson, B.D., & Mayer, D.G. (2012). Giant Mud Crab (Scylla serrata): Relative Efficiencies of Common Baited Traps and Impacts on Discards. Journal of Marine Science. 69: 1511-1522.

Edrus, N.I., & Amran, R.S. (2004). Analisis Hasil Tangkapan Rakkang dan Bubu pada Percobaan Penangkapan Kepiting di Perairan Mangrove Maluku. Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia Sumber Daya dan Penangkapan. 10(4): 77-86.

Effendie, M.I. (1997). Metoda Biologi Perikanan. Bogor. Yayasan Dewi Sri. 112 hal

Effendie, M.I. (2002). Biologi Perikanan. Yayasan Pustaka Nusatama: Yogyakarta. 163 hal.

Ernawati, T., Duranta, D.K., & Bambang, S. 2016. Evaluasi Stok Kepiting Bakau Scylla serrata (Forskal, 1775) di perairan Pati dan sekitarnya serta opsi pengelolaannya. Jurnal Penelitian Perikanan Indonesia. 22 (2): 95-104.

Fahrizal, A., Kusuma, D., Abu, D. R., & Irwanto. (2021). Kepiting Bakau (Scylla sp.) Teluk Bintuni Papua Barat : Strategi Pengelolaan dan Perijinan usaha. Jurnal Airaha. 10 (1): 45-55.

Fitriyani, N., Chrisna, A.S., & Ria, A.T.N. (2020). Biologi Kepiting Bakau Scylla Serrata, Forsskål, 1775 (Malacostraca: Portunidae) Berdasarkan Pola Pertumbuhan dan Parameter Pertumbuhan pada Bulan Oktober, November, Desember di Perairan Ketapang, Pemalang. Journal of Marine Research. 9 (1): 87-93.

Froese, R. (2006). Cube law, condition factoand weight-length relationships: history, metaanalysis and recommendations. Journal of A pplied Ichthyology. 22(4): 241.

Gani, A., Achmad, A.B., Devita, T.A., Novalina, S., Nurjirana, Herjayanto, M., Muhammad, N., Dawam, H.S., Christian, J.O., Jusmanto & Adam, M,I. (2020). Hubungan Panjang-Bobot dan Faktor Kondisi Ikan Sicyopus zosterophorum (Bleeker, 1856) di Sungai Bohi, Kabupaten Banggai, Sulawesi Tengah. Prosiding Simposium Nasional VII Kelautan dan Perikanan 2020. Fakultas Ilmu Kelautan dan Perikanan, Universitas Hasanuddin, Makassar, 5 Juni 2020. Hal 85-92.

Hoek, H., Abu, D.R., Misbah, S., & Maximus, Y. (2015). Distribusi Frekuensi Ukuran Lebar Karapas dan Berat Kepiting Bakau (Scylla serrata Forskal) dengan Alat Tangkap Bubu Lipat Di Perairan Kabupaten Teluk Bintuni, Papua Barat. Jurnal Airaha. 4 (2): 57-64.

Hubatsch, H.A., Lee, S.Y., Diele, K., Nordhaus, I., Wolff, M., & Meynecke, J.O. (2015). Life-History, Movement, and Habitat use of Scylla serrata (Decapoda, Portunidae): Current Knowledge and Future Challenges. Hydrobiologia the International Journal of Aquatic Sciences. 763: 5-21.

Irnawati, R., Susanto, A., & Maesaroh, A.L.S. (2014). Waktu Penangkapan Kepiting Bakau (Scylla Serrata) di Perairan Lontar Kabupaten Serang Banten. Jurnal Perikanan dan Kelautan. Fisheries and Marine Journal. 4(4): 277-282.

Kantun, W., Warda, S., Muhammad, A. (2022). Pola Pertumbuhan Kepiting Bakau (Scylla serrata, Forskal 1775) yang Tertangkap Bubu di Sungai Sanrangang, Sulawesi Selatan. Jurnal Marine Fisheries. 13 (1):

Larosa, R., Boedi, H., & Mustofa, N. (2013). Identifikasi Sumberdaya Kepiting Bakau (Scylla sp.) yang Didaratkan di TPI Kabupaten Tapanuli Tengah. Journal of Management of Aquatic Resources. (2): 180-189.

Moksnes, P.O., Mirera, D.O., Bjorkvik, E., Hamad, M.I., Mahudi, H.M., Nyqvist, D., Jiddawi, N., & Troell, M. (2014). Stepwise Function of Natural Growth for Scylla serrata in East Africa: A Valuable Tool for Assessing Growth of Mud Crabs in Aquaculture. Journal of Aquaculture Research. 46: 2938-2953.

Munana, N., Irwani, & Widianingsih (2021). Pola Pertumbuhan Scylla serrata Forsskål, 1775 (Malacostraca : Portunidae) di Perairan Desa Bandengan Kendal. Journal of Marine Research. 10 (1): 14-22.

Odum, E.P. (1971). Fundamentals of Ecology. Third Edition, W.B. Saunders Co., Philadelphia, 1-574

Ohoiulun, D., & Marthinus, I.H. (2020). Analisis Morfometrik Kepiting Bakau (Scylla Serrata) Hasil tangkapan dari perairan Desa Warwut Kabupaten Maluku Tenggara. Jambura Fish Processing Journal. 2 (1): 28-35. DOI: DOI:https://doi.org/10.37905/jfpj.v2i1.5188

Oktarija, S.,Fanny, F.C., Simatauw & Ida, L. (2019). Produksi hasil tangkapan kepiting bakau (Scylla sp.) nelayan kampung banjar ausoy distrik Manimeri kabupaten Teluk Bintuni. Prosiding Seminar Nasional MIPA UNIPA IV. Manokwari, 8 Agustus 2019.

Peraturan Menteri Kelautan dan Perikanan Re-publik Indonesia Nomor 17/PERMEN-KP/2021 tentang pengelolaan lobster (Panulirus spp.), kepiting (Scylla spp.), dan rajungan (Portunus spp.) di Wilayah Negara Republik Indonesia.

Pradenta, B.G., Pramonowibowo, & Asriyanto. (2014). Perbandingan Hasil Tangkapan Bubu Lipat dengan Bubu Lipat Modifikasi Terhadap Hasil Tangkapan Kepiting Bakau (Scylla Serrata) di Ekosistem Mangrove Sayung, Demak. Jurnal Pemanfaatan Sumberdaya Perikanan. 3(2): 37-45.

Putri, D.A. & Iik, I. (2019). Efektifitas komposisi hasil tangkapan bubu lipat (fish trap) dDi pangkalan pendaratan ikan (ppi) Gebang Mekar Kabupaten Rirebon. Jurnal Barakuda. 45 (1): 8-17.

Rosalina, D., & Eva, U. (2021). Lama Waktu Operasi Rakkang Terhadap Tangkapan Kepiting Bakau. Jurnal Kelautan. 14 (2): 203-209. https://journal.trunojoyo.ac.id/jurnalkelautan/article/download/10670/5925

Rugaya, H.S.S. (2006). Karakter Morfometrik Kepiting Bakau (Scylla serrata, Scylla Paramamosain dan Scylla olivacea) di Perairan Pantai Desa Mayangan, Kabupaten Subang, Jawa Barat. Jurnal Ilmiah Sorihi. 1(5): 26-42.

Sentosa, A.A., & Amran, R.S. (2011). Sebaran Temporal Faktor Kondisi Kepiting Bakau (Scylla serrata) di Perairan Pantai Mayangan, Kabupaten Subang, Jawa Barat. Jurnal Perikanan.13(1): 35-43.

Siringoringo, Y.N., Desrita, D., & Yunasfi, Y. (2017). Kelimpahan dan Pola Pertumbuhan Kepiting Bakau (Scylla serrata) di Hutan Mangrove Kelurahan Belawan Sicanang, Kecamatan Medan Belawan, Provinsi Sumatera Utara. Acta Aquatica: Aquatic Sciences Journal, 4(1):26-32.

Sulistiono, Etty, R., Aries, A, Wawing, W.,Djiko, D.T.,Awliya, P.A.,Sri, R.,Yeni, A.,Risman, F.,Atit, W.,Enggar, R.,Anton, O.P.,& Adang, S. (2016). Pedoman Pemeriksaan/Identifikasi Jenis Ikan Dilarang Terbatas (Kepiting Bakau/Scylla spp.). Pusat Karantina dan Keamanan Hayati Ikan Badan Karantina Ikan, Pengendalian Mutu dan Keamanan Hasil Perikanan Kementerian Kelautan dan Perikanan. 47 hal.

Suryono, C.A., Irwani, & Rochaddi, B. (2016). Pertambahan Biomasa Kepiting Bakau Scylla serrata pada Daerah Mangrove dan Tidak Bermangrove. Universitas Diponegoro. Semarang. Jurnal Kelautan Tropis. 19(1):76-80.

Tahmid, Fahrudin, A., & Wardiatno, Y. (2015). Kajian Struktur Ukuran Dan Parametr Populasi Kepiting Bakau (Scylla serrata) di Ekosistem Mangrove Teluk Bintan, Kepulauan Riau. Jurnal Biologi Tropis, 15(2):93-106.

Tiurlan, E., Djunaedi, A., & Supriyantini, E. (2019). Analisis Aspek Reproduksi Kepiting Bakau (Scylla sp.) di Perairan Kendal, Jawa Tengah. Journal of Tropical Marine Science, 2(1):29-36.

Viswanathan, C., Pravinkumar, M., Suresh, T.V., Elumalai, V., & Raffi, S.M. (2016). Carapace Width-Weight Relationship, Age, Growth and Longevity of the Mud Crab Scylla Olivacea (Herbst, 1796) in the Pichavaram Mangroves, South-East India. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom. 96: 1379-1386.

Walpole, R.E. (1993). Pengantar statistika, Edisi ke-3. Gramedia Pustaka Utama. Jakarta. 515 hlm.

Widianingsih, W., Ria, A.T.N., Retno, H., Sri, R., Ita, R., Cantika, E.A., Hadi, E. & Robertus, T.M. (2019). Morfometri dan Pertumbuhan Scylla serrata (Filum: Arthropoda, Famili: Portunidae) Di Desa Panikel, Segara Anakan, Cilacap. Jurnal Kelautan Tropis. 22(1):57-62.

Wijaya, N.I., Yulianda, F., Boer, M., & Juwana, S. (2010). Biologi Populasi Kepiting Bakau (Scylla serrata) di Habitat Mangrove Taman Nasional Kutai Kabupaten Kutai Timur. Jurnal Oseanologi dan Limnologi di Indonesia. 36(3): 443-461.

Zulkarnain, Baskoro, S.M., Martasuganda, S., & Monitja, D. (2011). Pengembangan Desain Bubu Lobster Yang Efektif. Buletin PSP. 19(2): 251-286.

Published

2022-08-30

How to Cite

Dananjaya, K., Prayitno, G., & Nafurbenan, D. A. (2022). Size Distribution and Growth Pattern of Mud Crab, Scylla serrata (Forskal, 1775) Captured with Bubu and Gill Nets in the Waters of the Babo District, Bintuni Bay West Papua. Jurnal Sumberdaya Akuatik Indopasifik, 6(3), 247–258. https://doi.org/10.46252/jsai-fpik-unipa.2022.Vol.6.No.3.228

Issue

Section

Research Articles