Spawning Behavior of Oryzias woworae an Endemic Ricefish in Muna Island, Southeast Sulawesi Based on Different Broodstock Sex Ratios

Authors

  • Mohamad Ayip Firmansyah Program Studi Ilmu Perikanan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, Jl. Raya Palka Km. 3 Sindangsari, Pabuaran, Serang, 42163, Indonesia, Pusat Unggulan Ipteks Inovasi Pangan Lokal Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, Jl. Raya Jakarta Km. 4 Panancangan, Cipocok Jaya, Serang, 42122, Indonesia
  • Mustahal Mustahal Program Studi Ilmu Perikanan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, Jl. Raya Palka Km. 3 Sindangsari, Pabuaran, Serang, 42163, Indonesia, Laboratorium Budidaya Perairan, Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, Jl. Raya Jakarta Km. 4 Panancangan, Cipocok Jaya, Serang, 42122, Indonesia ,Pusat Unggulan Ipteks Inovasi Pangan Lokal Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, Jl. Raya Jakarta Km. 4 Panancangan, Cipocok Jaya, Serang, 42122, Indonesia
  • Mas Bayu Syamsunarno Program Studi Ilmu Perikanan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, Jl. Raya Palka Km. 3 Sindangsari, Pabuaran, Serang, 42163, Indonesia, Laboratorium Budidaya Perairan, Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, Jl. Raya Jakarta Km. 4 Panancangan, Cipocok Jaya, Serang, 42122, Indonesia ,Pusat Unggulan Ipteks Inovasi Pangan Lokal Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, Jl. Raya Jakarta Km. 4 Panancangan, Cipocok Jaya, Serang, 42122, Indonesia
  • Ilham Septian Program Studi Ilmu Perikanan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, Jl. Raya Palka Km. 3 Sindangsari, Pabuaran, Serang, 42163, Indonesia
  • Muh. Herjayanto Program Studi Ilmu Perikanan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, Jl. Raya Palka Km. 3 Sindangsari, Pabuaran, Serang, 42163, Indonesia, Laboratorium Budidaya Perairan, Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, Jl. Raya Jakarta Km. 4 Panancangan, Cipocok Jaya, Serang, 42122, Indonesia ,Pusat Unggulan Ipteks Inovasi Pangan Lokal Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, Jl. Raya Jakarta Km. 4 Panancangan, Cipocok Jaya, Serang, 42122, Indonesia

Keywords:

Broodstock management, Ornamental fish, Oryzias woworae, Spawning synchronization

Abstract

Ricefish Oryzias woworae is a species of ricefish endemic in the waters of Muna Island, Southeast Sulawesi. The economic potential of O. woworae as an ornamental fish has not been supported by the availability of information on its cultivation. One important aspect of the success of fish farming is knowledge of its reproduction. Spawning behavior information is very important to know. This study aims to examine the spawning behavior of rice fish O. woworae and the number of eggs per hour with different sex ratios of the broodstock. The research method uses an experimental design of parent sex ratio treatment female (♀) and male (♂) fish, namely 1♂ : 2♀ , 1♂ : 3♀, and 1♂ : 4♀. Prior to the study, the broodstock were acclimatized for seven days by feeding Artemia polar red. Observation of spawning behavior was carried out for five days. Observations were made every hour on the day of spawning. The results showed that O. woworae only spawned during the day between 06:00 and 16:00, with dominant synchronization behavior occurring in the morning which began to occur simultaneously on the third spawning day. Management that can be done regarding the phenomenon of brood fish-eating eggs is to put more spawning substrates for use by broodstock broodfish O. woworae to hide the eggs, so they are not eaten by other females during mass spawning. Another management method is to harvest eggs at the day and afternoon.

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Agatha, F. S., Mustahal., Syamsunarno, M. B., & Herjayanto, M. (2021). Early Study on Embryogenesis O. woworae at Different Salinities. Jurnal Biologi Tropis, 21 (2): 343–352.

Eragradhini, A. R. (2020). Ekobiologi dan reproduksi ikan Matano medaka Oryzias matanensis (Aurich, 1935) di Danau Towuti Sulawesi Selatan. Disertasi. Makassar: Doctoral Program Fisheries Science, Faculty of Marine Science and Fisheries, Universitas Hasanuddin.

Gani, A., Nilawati, J., & Rizal, A. (2015). Studi habitat dan kebiasaan makan (food habit) ikan rono lindu (Oryzias sarasinorum Popta, 1905) di Danau Lindu, Sulawesi Tengah. Jurnal Sains dan Teknologi Tadulako, 4 (3): 9-18.

Herjayanto, M., Carman, O., & Soelistyowati, D. T. (2016). Tingkah Laku Memijah, Potensi Reproduksi Ikan Betina, dan Optimasi Teknik Pemijahan Ikan Pelangi Iriatherina werneri Meinken, 1974. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, 16 (2): 171-183.

Herjayanto, M., Syamsunarno, M. B., Prasetyo, N. A., Mauliddina, A. M., Agung, L. A., Widiyawan, E. R., Rahmayanti, N., Irianingrum, N., Nurkhotimah, E., Gani, A., & Salsabila, V. N. (2020). Studi Awal Pengangkutan Sistem Tertutup Pemeliharaan dan Pengamatan Telur Oryzias javanicus (Bleeker 1854) Asal Pulau Tunda. Jurnal Iktiologi Indonesia, 20 (1): 93-103.

Magtoon, W., & Termvdchakorn, A. (2009). A revised Taxonomi Account Of Ricefish Oryzias (Beloniformes, Adrianichthyidae), in Thailand, Indonesia, and Japan. The Natural History Journal of Chulalongkorn University, 9 (1): 35-68.

Murata, K., Kinoshita, M., Naruse, K., Tanaka, M., & Kamei, Y. (2019). Medaka: Biology, Management, and Experimental Protocols, Volume 2, First Edition. New York: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

Mylonas, C. C., Fostier, A., & Zanuy, S. 2010. Brood-stock Management and Hormonal Manipula-tions of Fish Reproduction. General and Comparative Endocrinology, 165 (3): 516-534.

Nafiyanti, N., Mustahal., Syamsunarno, M. B., & Herjayanto, M. (2021). Incubation of Oryzias woworae Eggs at Different Temperature on Embryo Development and Hatching Performance. Jurnal Biologi Tropis, 21 (2): 315 – 323

Parenti, L. R., & Hadiaty, R. K. (2010). A New, Remarkably Colorful, Small Ricefish of The Genus Oryzias (Beloniformes, Adrianichthyidae) from Sulawesi, Indonesia. Copeia, (2): 268-273.

Parenti, L. R., Hadiaty, R. K., Lumbatobing, D., & Herder, F. (2013). Two New Ricefish of The Genus Oryzias (Atherinomorpha: Beloniformes: Adrianicthyidae) Augment the Endemic Freshwater Fish Fauna of Southeastern Sulawesi, Indonesia. Copeia 2013. No. 3:403-414.

Rahardjo, M. F., Sjafei, D. S., Affandi, R., & Sulistiono. (2011). Iktiologi. Bandung: Lubuk Agung. 394 hlm

Wijaya, H. K. (2018). Optimasi Pemijahan Ikan Pelangi (Pseudomugil Paskai) Dengan Nisbah Kelamin Induk Yang Berbeda. Skripsi. Bogor: Institut Pertanian Bogor.

Yan, M., Mak, M. Y. L., Chenga, J., Lia, J., Gua, J. R., Leunga, P. T. Y., & Lama, P. K. S. (2020). Effects of Dietary Exposure to Ciguatoxin P-CTX-1 on The Reproductive Performance in Marine Medaka (Oryzias melastigma). Marine Pollution Bulletin, 152: 1-9.

Ye, R. R., Lei, E. N. Y., Lam, M. H. W., Chan, A. K. Y., Bo, J., Van de Merwe, J. P., Fong, A. C. C., Yang, M. M. S., Lee, J. S., Segner, H. E., Wong, C. K. C., Wu, R. S. S., & Au, D. W. T. (2012). Gender-specific modulation of immune system complement gene expression in marine medaka Oryzias melastigma following dietary exposure of BDE-47. Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 19 (7): 2477–2487.

Published

2022-05-31

How to Cite

Firmansyah, M. A., Mustahal, M., Syamsunarno, M. B., Septian, I., & Herjayanto, M. (2022). Spawning Behavior of Oryzias woworae an Endemic Ricefish in Muna Island, Southeast Sulawesi Based on Different Broodstock Sex Ratios. Jurnal Sumberdaya Akuatik Indopasifik, 6(2), 131–140. Retrieved from https://ejournalfpikunipa.ac.id/index.php/JSAI/article/view/191

Issue

Section

Research Articles