Microplastic in Different Size of Cockle (Anadara granosa) at Kwanyar Waters, Bangkalan District, Madura

  • Nesi Wahyu Listiani Program Studi Ilmu Kelautan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Trunojoyo Madura, Jalan Raya Telang, Kamal, Bangkalan 69162
  • Insafitri Insafitri Program Studi Ilmu Kelautan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Trunojoyo Madura, Jalan Raya Telang, Kamal, Bangkalan 69162
  • Wahyu Andy Nugraha Program Studi Ilmu Kelautan, Fakultas Pertanian, Universitas Trunojoyo Madura, Jalan Raya Telang, Kamal, Bangkalan 69162

Abstract

Microplastic is plastic waste that has a small size of less than 5 mm. Microplastic itself has a dangerous impact due to the nature of plastic which is difficult to decompose. The purpose of this study is to determine the shape, average number and highest weight, total amount, type of microplastic polymer and comparison between sizes of Anadara granosa in locations near mangroves, river estuaries and settlements in the waters of Kwanyar Bangkalan, Madura. Microplastic analysis of Anadara granosa samples was carried out using a 10% KOH solution as much as 3x the weight of the sample. Identification of microplastics in all samples to determine their shape using a stereo microscope, followed by counting the number and weight. The predominant form of microplastic is fiber. The highest average number of microplastics in Anadara granosa was found at location near the mangrove ecosystem, namely 23.9 particles / individual at <3 cm in size and 26.8 particles / individual for shells >3 cm in size. There was a significant difference in the number of microplastics at different sizes of shells. The types of red, black and blue fiber polymers are Poly (Ethylene Terephthalate), blue film is Polypropylene and blue fragment is Poly(Ethylene Terephthalate).

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

Afiati, N. (2007). Gonad Maturation of Two Intertidall Blood Clams Anadara Granosa (L.) And Anadara Antiquata (L.) (Bivalvia: Arcidae) in Central Java. Journal of Coastal Development, 10 (2), 105-113.

Alomar, C., Estarellas, F., & Deudero, S. (2016). Microplastics in The Mediterranean Sea: Deposition in Coastal Shallow Sediments, Spatial Variation and Preferential Grain Size. Marine Environmental Research, 1-15.

Andrianti, S. (2014). Modifikasi Pola Lengan Straight Lines and Curves a dengan Metode Pattern Magic pada Blus Menggunakan Kain Polyester Fleece. E-Journal, 3(3), 32-40.

Assuyuti, Y. M., Zikrillah, R. B., Tanzil, M. A., Banata, A., & Utami, P. (2018). Distribusi dan Jenis Sampah Laut Serta Hubungannya Terhadap Ekosistem Terumbu Karang Pulau Pramuka, Panggang, Air, dan Kotok Besar di Kepulauan Seribu Jakarta . Majalah Ilmiah Biologi Biosfera: A Scientific Journal, 35(2), 91-102.

Ayuningtyas, W. C., Yona, D., Julinda, S. H., & Iranawati, F. (2019). Kelimpahan Mikroplastik pada Perairan Di Banyuurip, Gresik, Jawa Timur. Journal of Fisheries and Marine Research, 3(1), 41 - 45.

Basri, D. R., & Zaki, A. (2019). Pengaruh Limbah Plastik Botol (Leleh) Sebagai Material Tambah Terhadap Kuat Lentur Beton . Jurnal Rab Construction Research, 4(2), 66-77.

Cole, M., Lindeque, P., Halsband, C., & Galloway, T. (2016). Microplastics as Contaminants in The Marine Environment: a Review. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 1-40.

Dewi, I. S., Budiarsa, A. A., & Ritonga, I. R. (2015). Distribusi Mikroplastik pada Sedimen di Muara Badak, Kabupaten Kutai Kartanegara Kartanegara. Depik, 4(3), 121-131.

Dewiyanti, G. D., Irawan, B., & Moehammadi , N. (2015). Kepadatan dan Keanekaragamaan Plankton di Perairan Mangetan Kanal Kabupaten Sidoarjo Provinsi Jawa Timur dari Daerah Hulu, Daerah Tengah dan Daerah Hilir Bulan Maret 2014. 3(1), 37-46.

Fachruddin, L., Yaqin, K., & Iin, R. (2020). Perbandingan Dua Metode Analisis Konsentrasi Mikroplastik pada Kerang Hijau, Perna Viridis dan Penerapannya dalam Kajian Ekotoksikologi. Jurnal Pengelolaan Perairan, 3(1), 1-13.

Garcia, B., Fang, M. M., & Lin, J. (2019). Marine Plastic Pollution in Asia: All Hands on Deck. Chinese Journal of Environmental Law, 3(1), 11-46.

Hapitasari, D. N. (2016). Analisa Kandungan Mikroplastik pada Pasir dan Ikan Demersal: Kakap (Lutjanus Sp.) dan Kerapu (Epinephelus Sp.) di Pantai Ancol, Palabuhanratu, dan Labuhan. Skripsi. Institut Pertanian Bogor, 1-10.

Hastuti, A. R., Yulianda, F., & Wardiatno, Y. (2014). Distribusi Spasial Sampah Laut di Ekosistem Mangrove Pantai Indah Kapuk, Jakarta. Bonorowo Wetlands, 4(2), 94 - 107.

Hiwari, H., Purba, N. P., Ihsan, Y. N., Yuliadi, L. P., & Mulyani, P. G. (2019). Kondisi Sampah Mikroplastik di Permukaan Air Laut Sekitar Kupang dan Rote, Provinsi Nusa Tenggara Timur. Pros Sem Nas Masy Biodiv Indon, 5(2), 165-171.

Jun, B. J., & Juwono, A. L. (2010). Studi Perbandingan Sifat Mekanik Polypropylene Murni dan Daur Ulang. Makara Sains, 14(1), 95-100.

Lusher, A. L., Burke, A., O’Connor, I., & Officer, R. (2014). Microplastic Pollution in the Northeast Atlantic Ocean: Validated and Opportunistic Sampling. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 88(1-2), 325-333.

Mauludy, M. S., Yunanto, A., & Yona, D. (2019). Kelimpahan Mikroplastik pada Sedimen Pantai Wisata Kabupaten Badung, Bali. Jurnal Perikanan Universitas Gadjah Mada, 21(2), 73 - 78.

Mirsadeghi, S. A., Zakaria, M. P., Yap, C. K., & Gobas, F. (2013). Evaluation of the Potential Bioaccumulation Ability of the Blood Cockle (Anadara granosa L.) for Assessment of Environmental matrices of Mudflats. Science of the Total Environment, 454, 584-597.

Okatama , I. (2016). Analisa Peleburan Limbah Plastik Jenis Polyethylene Terphtalate (Pet) Menjadi Biji Plastik Melalui Pengujian Alat Pelebur Plastik. Jurnal Teknik Mesin, 5(03), 20-24.

Prasojo, S. A., Irwani, & Suryono, C. A. (2012). Distribusi dan Kelas Ukuran Panjang Kerang Darah (Anadara Granosa) Diperairan Pesisir Kecamatan Genuk, Kota Semarang . Journal Of Marine Research, 1(1), 137-145.

Putri, C. J. (2017). Identifikasi Keberadaan dan Jenis Mikroplastik pada Ikan Bandeng (Chanos Chanos¸Forskal) di Tambak Lorok, Semarang. Skripsi Program Studi Teknologi Pangan Fakultas Teknologi Pertanian Universitas Katolik Soegijapranata Semarang 2017.

Rachmat, S. L., Purba, N. P., Agung, M. U., & Yuliadi, L. P. (2019). Karakteristik Sampah Mikroplastik di Muara Sungai DKI Jakarta. Depik Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Perairan, Pesisir dan Perikanan, 8(1), 9-17.

Septian, F. M., Purba, N. P., Agung, M. U., Yuliadi, L. P., Akuan, L. F., & Mulyani, P. G. (2018). Sebaran Spasial Mikroplastik di Sedimen Pantai Pangandaraan, Jawa Barat. Jurnal Geomaritim Indonesia, 1(1), 1 - 8.

Suminto, S. (2017). Ecobrick: Solusi Cerdas Dan Kreatif Untuk Mengatasi Sampah Plastik. Jurnal Desain Produk (Pengetahuan dan Perancangan Produk), 3(1), 26-34.

Surono, U. B., & Ismanto. (2016). Pengolahan Sampah Plastik Jenis Pp, Pet dan Pe Menjadi Bahan Bakar Minyak dan Karakteristiknya. Jurnal Mekanika dan Sistem Termal (Jmst) , 1(1), 32-37.

Tantanasarit, C., Babel, S., Englande, A. J., & Meksumpun, S. (2013). Influence of Size and Density on Filtration Rate Modeling and Nutrient Uptake by Green Mussel (Perna viridis). Marine pollution bulletin, 68(1-2), 38-45.

Tuhumury, N., & Ritonga, A. (2020). Identifikasi Keberadaan dan Jenis Mikroplastik pada Kerang Darah (Anadara granosa) di Perairan Tanjung Tiram, Teluk Ambon. Triton: Jurnal Manajemen Sumberdaya Perairan, 16(1), 1-7.
Woodall, L. C., Sanchez-Vidal, A., Canals, M., Paterson, G. L., Coppock, R., Sleight, V., Calafat, A., Rogers, A. D.,

Narayanaswamy, B. E., & Thompson, R. C. (2014). The Deep Sea is a Major Sink for Microplastic Debris. Royal Society Open Science, 1(4), 140317.

Yoshida, S., Hiraga, K., Takehana, T., Taniguchi, I., Yamaji, H., Maeda, Y., Toyohara, K., Miyamoto, K., Kimura, Y., & Oda, K. (2016). A Bacterium that Degrades and Assimilates Poly (ethylene terephthalate). Science, 351(6278), 1196-1199.

Yudhantari, C. I., Hendrawan, I. G., & Puspitha, N. L. (2019). Kandungan Mikroplastik Pada Saluran Pencernaan Ikan Lemuru Protolan (Sardinella Lemuru) Hasil Tangkapan di Selat Bali . Journal of Marine Research And Technology, 2(2), 48-52.
How to Cite
LISTIANI, Nesi Wahyu; INSAFITRI, Insafitri; NUGRAHA, Wahyu Andy. Microplastic in Different Size of Cockle (Anadara granosa) at Kwanyar Waters, Bangkalan District, Madura. JURNAL SUMBERDAYA AKUATIK INDOPASIFIK, [S.l.], v. 5, n. 2, p. 169-180, may 2021. ISSN 2550-0929. Available at: <https://ejournalfpikunipa.ac.id/index.php/JSAI/article/view/156>. Date accessed: 14 june 2021. doi: https://doi.org/10.46252/jsai-fpik-unipa.2021.Vol.5.No.2.156.
Statistik Abstract view : 33 times
Statistik PDF Views : 18 times
Keywords:
micropalstic, cockle, Anadara granosa, polymer
Published
2021-05-15
Section
Research Articles